The resurgence of tension in the Kashmir Valley can all be connected to a man called Burhan Muzaffar Wani, the 21 year old who became synonymous with militancy in Kashmir. He became the commander of the biggest, home grown militant group of Kashmir, popularly known as Hizb-ul-Mujahideen. What made him committeed to the cause and undergo a strong change in sentiments was the unfortunate incident that he and his brother were subject to in 2010. The Special Operations Group harassed him and his brother, and though harassment wasn’t something new to local Kashmiris, it was a tormenting incident for a 15 year old Burhan. It was this incident that led him to chose the life of an outlaw, and gradually led to the trending of rebels and militancy in Kashmir. The young, fearless, committed to their cause breed of rebels were effective in inspiring a whole bunch of people in recruiting themselves towards militancy.
To worsen the situation, India who wished to see him dead, offered a enormous grant of one million rupees in exchange for his head. Riots broke out in Indian-controlled Kashmir with the release of the news of his death. His funeral attended by thousands of people, took the form of an enlistment meeting for insurgence. After this, the situation in Kashmir escalated day by day and led to the resurgence of unrest in the Kashmir Valley. Curfews were imposed and people were injured or killed as the army and police authorities resorted to firing on open crowds.
These situations led to the reemergence of tension between India and Pakistan and they threw accusations back and forth, ultimately leading to a confrontation. These are two large powers in South Asia, and though the chances of this confrontation leading to war was close to none, the chances of the Kashmir issue getting resolved was also close to none. Indian and Pakistani governments shared completely hostile stances in political, military, diplomatic, public opinion, social and cultural areas. Both countries were not ready for any form of compromise on the basis of national unity and territorial integrity.