We analysed platforms such as digital newspapers to provide the reader with a better understanding of how information is perceived differently by the media representatives of different countries. The articles on these sites tend to normalize certain ideologies in the minds of the readers, which impacts the thinking of millions of people all over the world. By looking into some of these sites with reference to the Kashmir controversy, we can see how a single event can be portrayed in two different ways.
One of the biggest examples of this was seen with the Uri attack. In the Uri attack, 17 Indian jawans were killed in J&K. The attackers were said to be a four man fidayeen squad that infiltrated an Indian Army infantry installation.
The Indian Express’s article about the attack said
“The initial investigations by the Army indicated the role of Jaish-e-Mohammed in the attack with weapons recovered from the slain terrorists having Pakistan marking”.
The article also said that “Sources in Army’s Northern Command as well as the 15 Corps said intelligence suggested Pakistan wanted a ‘spectacular’ strike to demonstrate to the leaders of the civil unrest in the valley that it was not sitting by silently in military aspects.”
However, this same event has been written very differently in the Pakistan Observer. The article states that
“the Indian side were farcical as usual, as in its knee jerk approach it was quick to blame Pakistan, while willfully neglecting the fact that the freedom struggle in Kashmir is purely indigenous, and the attack in Uri, if at all it happened, is a demonstration of ire and frustration of the people towards Indian atrocities.”
The article even raised doubt about whether the attack took place at all. It further said that “Before spitting vitriol against Pakistan, India needs a hard-hitting introspection of its own excesses in Kashmir.”
Thus, we can see just how differently people in India and people in Pakistan reacted to this event.
We can also see subtle differences in the way that these articles are structured. This is seen in more recent events such as the exchange of fire near the LoC on 23rd November.
The Pakistani newspaper ‘Dawn’, quoted the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) that said
“Three Pakistani soldiers valiantly embraced shahadat at the Line of Control while responding to Indian unprovoked firing,”.
On the other hand, the Indian newspaper, Hindustan Times quoted Indian officials who said that
“Pakistan Army initiated indiscriminate firing from 9 am on Wednesday on Indian Army posts”.
It is interesting, to note that although the facts remain the same in both the articles, the way in which the sentences are framed makes a huge difference. It has the power to sell to the reader everything that is believed by the media of the respective country.
This pattern is seen in almost every article posted in these newspapers in the context of Kashmir.
You can read the full versions of these articles here:
Check out some articles that didn’t make it into the post!:
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For articles from Kashmir’s point of view.